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Author (up) Ericsson, B.; Hallmans, B. url  openurl
  Title Treatment of saline wastewater for zero discharge at the Debiensko coal mines in Poland Type Journal Article
  Year 1996 Publication Desalination Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 105 Issue 1-2 Pages 115-123  
  Keywords mine water  
  Abstract The drainage water from mines in Poland has a daily contribution of, in the order of magnitude, 6,500 tons of chlorides and 0.5 ton of sulphates to the rivers Vistula (Wisla) and Oder (Odra). The largest amounts of these salts, about 78%, derive from 18 mines located mainly in the Katowice mine district. The high salt content in the water from the Vistula prevents at present its use in agriculture and causes tremendous economic losses due to corrosion attacks on pipes, machines, etc., within the industry. At present only about 4% of the river water can be classified as drinking water. To combat this problem a desalination project in Katowice has now almost been completed, including advanced treatment of wastewater for zero discharge from the two adjacent coal mines, Debiensko and Budryk. It implies elimination of 310 tons/d of salt discharge to the Odra River. The complete treatment processes are divided into three main sections: (1) pretreatment before reverse osmosis (RO) of about 12,400 m3/d drainage water from the two mines with a salinity of around 16,000 mg/l TDS on the average; (2) RO plant including post-treatment of the RO permeate; (3) a thermal plant for concentration of brine (about 4,600 m3/d) and separation of sodium chloride (NaCl) by crystallization, centrifuging and drying. The RO pretreatment includes algicide dosing in a storage tank, disinfection, flocculation/sedimentation and dual media filtration as well as granular activated carbon filtration. After a two-stage microfilter system (50 μ and 5 μ, respectively), the pretreated water is desalinated at 6-7 MPa in a RO system with spiral wound RO membranes. The RO permeate is decarbonated in a part-flow followed by addition of chemicals for disinfection and increase of the temporary hardness before distribution in the drinking water net. The flow into the thermal plant consists of the RO reject (about 2,700 m3/d) with a salinity of around 80 g/l TDS and the brine flow (about 1,870 m3/d) from the Budryk mine with about the same salinity. The first section of the thermal plant is composed of two brine concentrators, designed by Resources Conservation Company (RCC), USA. By using the seed crystal recycling technique it is possible to concentrate the feed to near the precipitation point for NaCl. The second section of the thermal plant includes one crystallizer for production of NaCl, two pusher centrifuges for salt removal from supersaturated brine and one fluidized bed dryer. The crystallizer is a forced circulation submerged-tube evaporator equipped with a mechanical vapor compressor. An additional section is also planned to be constructed for treatment of the purge from the crystallizer in order to recover other valuable chemical products and distillate. The process is fully automatic and controlled by programmable logic controllers. The plant has finally been designed by Energotechnika, Poland, after preparation of technical and economical planning of the project in coordination with Nordcap Ltd., RCC and VBB Viak-SWECO, Stockholm. In the summer 1994 the thermal plant was started up, and the RO plant is expected to be in operation during the spring 1995. The paper covers the project design with illustrations of the main parts of the plant and summarizes the results of the initial operation.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0011-9164 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes June; Treatment of saline wastewater for zero discharge at the Debiensko coal mines in Poland; file:///C:/Dokumente%20und%20Einstellungen/Stefan/Eigene%20Dateien/Artikel/9451.pdf; Science Direct Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 17274 Serial 53  
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