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Author (up) Banks, D.; Younger, P.L.; Arnesen, R.-T.; Iversen, E.R.; Banks, S.B. url  openurl
  Title Mine-water chemistry: The good, the bad and the ugly Type Journal Article
  Year 1997 Publication Environ. Geol. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 32 Issue 3 Pages 157-174  
  Keywords mine water treatment mine-water chemistry acid mine drainage mine-water pollution mine-water treatment county-durham drainage movements Pollution and waste management non radioactive Groundwater problems and environmental effects mine drainage contamination hydrogeochemistry mine water drainage acid mine drainage  
  Abstract Contaminative mine drainage waters have become one of the major hydrogeological and geochemical problems arising from mankind's intrusion into the geosphere. Mine drainage waters in Scandinavia and the United Kingdom are of three main types: (1) saline formation waters; (2) acidic, heavy-metal-containing, sulphate waters derived from pyrite oxidation, and (3) alkaline, hydrogen-sulphide-containing, heavy-metal-poor waters resulting from buffering reactions and/or sulphate reduction. Mine waters are not merely to be perceived as problems, they can be regarded as industrial or drinking water sources and have been used for sewage treatment, tanning and industrial metals extraction. Mine-water problems may be addressed by isolating the contaminant source, by suppressing the reactions releasing contaminants, or by active or passive water treatment. Innovative treatment techniques such as galvanic suppression, application of bactericides, neutralising or reducing agents (pulverised fly ash-based grouts, cattle manure, whey, brewers' yeast) require further research.  
  Address D. Banks, Norges Geologiske Undersokelse, Postboks 3006 – Lade, N-7002 Trondheim, Norway  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0943-0105 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Oct.; Mine-water chemistry: The good, the bad and the ugly; 0337169; Germany 78; file:///C:/Dokumente%20und%20Einstellungen/Stefan/Eigene%20Dateien/Artikel/10620.pdf; Geobase Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 10620 Serial 18  
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Author (up) Bannister, A.F. openurl 
  Title Type Book Whole
  Year 1997 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 105-122  
  Keywords wetland coal mining Doworth  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management Place of Publication London Editor Younger Paul, L.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Minewater Treatment Using Wetlands Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Lagoon and reed-bed treatment of colliery shale tip water at Doworth, South Yorkshire; 1; AMD ISI | Wolkersdorfer; Fg Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 9517 Serial 466  
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Author (up) Barton, C.D.; Karathanasis, A.D. url  openurl
  Title Aerobic and anaerobic metal attenuation processes in a constructed wetland treating acid mine drainage Type Book Chapter
  Year 1997 Publication AAPG Eastern Section and the Society for Organic Petrology joint meeting; abstracts Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1545  
  Keywords acid mine drainage aerobic environment air-water interface anaerobic environment attenuation buffers constructed wetlands controls diffusion iron manganese metals mineral composition pollution precipitation processes SEM data solubility solution sulfate ion sulfur wetlands X-ray diffraction data 22, Environmental geology  
  Abstract The use of constructed wetlands for acid mine drainage amelioration has become a popular alternative to conventional treatment methods, however, the metal attenuation processes of these systems are poorly understood. Precipitates from biotic and abiotic zones of a staged constructed wetland treating high metal load (approx. equal to 1000 mg L (super -1) ) and low pH (approx. 3.0) acid mine drainage were characterized by chemical dissolution, x-ray diffraction, thermal analysis and scanning electron microscopy. Characterization of abiotic/aerobic zones within the treatment system suggest the presence of crystalline iron oxides and hydroxides such as hematite, lepidocrocite, goethite, and jarosite. At the air/water interface of initial abiotic treatment zones, SO (sub 4) /Fe ratios were low enough (<2.0) for the formation of jarosite and goethite, but as the ratio increased due to treatment and subsequent reductions in iron concentration, jarosite was transformed to other Fe-oxyhydroxysulfates and goethite formation was inhibited. In addition, elevated pH conditions occurring in the later stages of treatment promoted the formation of amorphous iron oxyhydroxides. Biotic wetland cell substrate characterizations suggest the presence of amorphous iron minerals such as ferrihydrite and Fe(OH) (sub 3) . Apparently, high Fe (super 3+) activity, low Eh and low oxygen diffusion rates in the anaerobic subsurface environment inhibit the kinetics of crystalline iron precipitation. Some goethite, lepidocrocite and hematite, however, were observed near the surface in biotic areas and are most likely attributable to increased oxygen levels from surface aeration and/or oxygen transport by plant roots. Alkalinity generation from limestone dissolution within the substrate and bacterially mediated sulfate reduction also has a significant role on the mineral retention process. The formation of gypsum, rhodochrocite and siderite are by-products of alkalinity generating reactions in this system and may have an impact on S, Mn, and Fe solubility controls. Moreover, the buffering of acidity through excess alkalinity appears to facilitate the precipitation and retention of metals within the system.  
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  Publisher AAPG Bulletin Place of Publication 81 Editor  
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  Notes Aerobic and anaerobic metal attenuation processes in a constructed wetland treating acid mine drainage; GeoRef; English; 1997-067790; AAPG Eastern Section and the Society for Organic Petrology joint meeting, Lexington, KY, United States, Sep. 27-30, 1997 Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 16630 Serial 70  
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Author (up) Becker, B.; Graff, M.; Näveke, R. openurl 
  Title Biological Treatment of Overburden from Lignite Opencast Mining in Order to Avoid Seepage of Acid Mine Water Type Journal Article
  Year 1997 Publication Proceedings, 6th International Mine Water Association Congress, Bled, Slovenia Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2 Issue Pages 283-291  
  Keywords coal mining mine water acid mine water Germany treatment laboratory studies  
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  Notes Biological Treatment of Overburden from Lignite Opencast Mining in Order to Avoid Seepage of Acid Mine Water; 1; FG 6 Abb.; AMD ISI | Wolkersdorfer Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 9527 Serial 460  
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Author (up) Benkovics, I.; Csicsák, J.; Csövári, M.; Lendvai, Z.; Molnár, J. openurl 
  Title Mine Water Treatment Anion-exchange and Membrane Process Type Journal Article
  Year 1997 Publication Proceedings, 6th International Mine Water Association Congress, Bled, Slovenia Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue Pages 149-157  
  Keywords uranium mining Hungary Mecsek Ore Mining Company waste water mine water chemistry nano-filtration reverse osmosis pilot plant mine water treatment treatment  
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  Notes Mine Water Treatment Anion-exchange and Membrane Process; 1; FG 6 Abb., 2 Tab.; AMD ISI | Wolkersdorfer Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 9530 Serial 455  
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