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Author Masarczyk, J.; Hansson, C.H.; Solomon, R.L.; Hallmans, B. url  openurl
  Title Desalination Plant at Kwk-debiensko, Poland Advanced Mine Drainage Water-treatment Engineering for Zero Discharge Type Journal Article
  Year 1989 Publication Desalination Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 75 Issue 1-3 Pages 259-287  
  Keywords mine water treatment  
  Abstract The river water in Poland has, to a great extent, such a high salinity that it cannot be used as drinking water, agricultural or industrial water. A large environmental project is now under progress in Katowice, Poland, in order to eliminate the wastewater discharge from two coal mines Debiensko and Budryk. The highly brackish water will be desalinated in a reverse osmosis plant, followed by vapor compression distillation with seed crystals (RCC), crystallization and sodium chloride drying. This zero discharge process will produce about 8,000 m3/d drinking water an 370 tonnes/d NaCl. The paper describes the design of the plant. Trial operation of pre-treatment and reverse osmosis in a pilot plant for design of the full-scale plant at Debiensko is described in a separate paper.  
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  ISSN 0011-9164 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Desalination Plant at Kwk-debiensko, Poland Advanced Mine Drainage Water-treatment Engineering for Zero Discharge; Isi:A1989cf92100018; AMD ISI | Wolkersdorfer Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 9786 Serial 28  
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Author Ericsson, B.; Hallmans, B. url  openurl
  Title Treatment and Disposal of Saline Waste-water from Coal-mines in Poland Type Journal Article
  Year 1994 Publication Desalination Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 98 Issue 1-3 Pages 239-248  
  Keywords mine water  
  Abstract Some Polish coal mines are reviewed with respect to the disposal of saline wastewater into rivers and its environmental impact. The drainage water from mines has a daily contribution of, in the order of magnitude, 6,500 tons chlorides (Cl-) and 0.5 tons sulphates (SO42-) to the rivers Wisla and Odra. The river Wisla contributes to about 55 % of the water resources in Poland. This report is based on a part of a commission for the Ministry of Environmental Protection, National Resources and Forestry ofPoland by COWI-VBB VIAK joint venture.Different treatment and disposal schemes are described and compared from a technical-economical point of view, out of which methods for desalination with zero discharge as well as deep well injection are the most promising ones.The desalination methods include reverse osmosis (RO) plant, thermal powered desalination and crystallization plant as well as facilities for dewatering and drying of sodium chloride (NaCl) to be sold in Poland and/or on the export market, The valuable main products are potable water, boiler feed water and sodium chloride. A special problem in this connection may be the radioactivity in the wastewater from some of the mines. Special treatment methods for radioactivity removal in the selected treatment and disposal scheme for the mine wastewater are discussed with respect to the effects of radioactivity on the saleability of the recovered salt. In addition methods for recovery of the by-products magnesium hydroxide, iodine and bromine are considered from the point of view of economy and environmental protection.Finally, the desalination project in Katowice for the coal mines Debiensko and Budryk is now in the end of the construction phase. Some modifications of the original design ace shown.  
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  Notes Treatment and Disposal of Saline Waste-water from Coal-mines in Poland; Isi:A1994pp05300022; AMD ISI | Wolkersdorfer Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 17337 Serial 52  
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Author Ericsson, B.; Hallmans, B. url  openurl
  Title Treatment of saline wastewater for zero discharge at the Debiensko coal mines in Poland Type Journal Article
  Year 1996 Publication Desalination Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 105 Issue 1-2 Pages 115-123  
  Keywords mine water  
  Abstract The drainage water from mines in Poland has a daily contribution of, in the order of magnitude, 6,500 tons of chlorides and 0.5 ton of sulphates to the rivers Vistula (Wisla) and Oder (Odra). The largest amounts of these salts, about 78%, derive from 18 mines located mainly in the Katowice mine district. The high salt content in the water from the Vistula prevents at present its use in agriculture and causes tremendous economic losses due to corrosion attacks on pipes, machines, etc., within the industry. At present only about 4% of the river water can be classified as drinking water. To combat this problem a desalination project in Katowice has now almost been completed, including advanced treatment of wastewater for zero discharge from the two adjacent coal mines, Debiensko and Budryk. It implies elimination of 310 tons/d of salt discharge to the Odra River. The complete treatment processes are divided into three main sections: (1) pretreatment before reverse osmosis (RO) of about 12,400 m3/d drainage water from the two mines with a salinity of around 16,000 mg/l TDS on the average; (2) RO plant including post-treatment of the RO permeate; (3) a thermal plant for concentration of brine (about 4,600 m3/d) and separation of sodium chloride (NaCl) by crystallization, centrifuging and drying. The RO pretreatment includes algicide dosing in a storage tank, disinfection, flocculation/sedimentation and dual media filtration as well as granular activated carbon filtration. After a two-stage microfilter system (50 μ and 5 μ, respectively), the pretreated water is desalinated at 6-7 MPa in a RO system with spiral wound RO membranes. The RO permeate is decarbonated in a part-flow followed by addition of chemicals for disinfection and increase of the temporary hardness before distribution in the drinking water net. The flow into the thermal plant consists of the RO reject (about 2,700 m3/d) with a salinity of around 80 g/l TDS and the brine flow (about 1,870 m3/d) from the Budryk mine with about the same salinity. The first section of the thermal plant is composed of two brine concentrators, designed by Resources Conservation Company (RCC), USA. By using the seed crystal recycling technique it is possible to concentrate the feed to near the precipitation point for NaCl. The second section of the thermal plant includes one crystallizer for production of NaCl, two pusher centrifuges for salt removal from supersaturated brine and one fluidized bed dryer. The crystallizer is a forced circulation submerged-tube evaporator equipped with a mechanical vapor compressor. An additional section is also planned to be constructed for treatment of the purge from the crystallizer in order to recover other valuable chemical products and distillate. The process is fully automatic and controlled by programmable logic controllers. The plant has finally been designed by Energotechnika, Poland, after preparation of technical and economical planning of the project in coordination with Nordcap Ltd., RCC and VBB Viak-SWECO, Stockholm. In the summer 1994 the thermal plant was started up, and the RO plant is expected to be in operation during the spring 1995. The paper covers the project design with illustrations of the main parts of the plant and summarizes the results of the initial operation.  
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  Notes June; Treatment of saline wastewater for zero discharge at the Debiensko coal mines in Poland; file:///C:/Dokumente%20und%20Einstellungen/Stefan/Eigene%20Dateien/Artikel/9451.pdf; Science Direct Approved no  
  Call Number CBU @ c.wolke @ 17274 Serial 53  
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