Relevant General Books and Papers about Mine Water Issues


Younger, P. L., Banwart, S. A. & Hedin, R. S. 2002. Mine Water – Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation, Dordrecht, Kluwer. (TUT: 628.168 32 YOU)

Wolkersdorfer, Ch. 2008. Water Management at Abandoned Flooded Underground Mines – Fundamentals, Tracer Tests, Modelling, Water Treatment, Heidelberg, Springer. (TUT: 628.168 32 WOL)

Stumm, W. & Morgan, J. J. 1996. Aquatic chemistry – Chemical Equilibria and Rates in Natural Waters, New York, Wiley & Sons. (TUT: 546.22 STU)

Lottermoser, B. 2010. Mine Wastes – Characterization, Treatment and Environmental Impacts, Heidelberg, Springer.

McLemore, V. T. 2008. Basics of Metal Mining Influenced Water, Littleton, SME. (TUT: 628.168 32 BAS)

Wolkersdorfer, Ch. 2021. Reinigungsverfahren für Grubenwasser, Heidelberg, Springer.

Wolkersdorfer, Ch. 2022. Mine Water Treatment – Active and Passive Methods, Heidelberg, Springer.

Journal Articles

Blowes, D. W., Ptacek, C. J., Jambor, J. L. & Weisener, C. G. 2014. The Geochemistry of Acid Mine Drainage, Amsterdam, Elsevier. (doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-095975-7.00905-0)

Nordstrom, D. K. 2011. Mine Waters: Acidic to Circumneutral. Elements, 7, 393-398. (doi:10.2113/gselements.7.6.393)

Nordstrom, D. K. & Alpers, C. N. 1999. Geochemistry of Acid Mine Waters, Littleton, Society of Economic Geologists. (

Wolkersdorfer, C., Nordstrom, D. K., Beckie, R., Cicerone, D. S., Elliot, T., Edraki, M., Valente, T. M., França, S. C. A., Kumar, P., Oyarzún Lucero, R. A. & Soler, A. I. G. (2020): Guidance for the Integrated Use of Hydrological, Geochemical, and Isotopic Tools in Mining Operations. – Mine Water Environ., 7 Abb., 2 Tab., 5 Anl. (doi:10.1007/s10230-020-00666-x).

Databases and Journal Repositories you should use (Never use Google for Literature Reviews)

Web of Science (Science Citation Index)



SciFinder (CAS)

SpringerLink (Springer)

ScienceDirect (Elsevier)

TandFOnline: (Taylor & Francis)

Software that will help you

Drawing & Statistics

Inkscape (free Vector Programme)

XnView (free Image Viewer)

Gimp (free Raster Programme)

gnuplot (free Scientific Graphic Package)

Past 4.x – the Past of the Future (free scientific statistics package)

jamovi – Stats. Open. Now.  (free scientific statistics package)

General Good Software that helps you to speed up your work

PhraseExpress (“The Great Helper”) ≈ 50 – 220 $ US/annum (discounts when you purchase more than 1 licence)

SpeedCommander (File Manager) ≈ 40 – 60 € (basic / pro versions)

PDF Creator (a free programme to produce high-quality PDF files)

Notepad++ 8.3.2 – Declare variables, not war (better notepad for working with text files, e.g. from data-loggers)

c4c (Calculator for Chemists)

Geochemical Modelling

PHREEQC (chemical thermodynamic modelling) (use the first .msi file in the list for MS Windows: “Executable, database files, examples, PDF documentation”)

“Tipps & Tricks” for writing essays from Christian Wolkersdorfer


Prof. Dr Christian Wolkersdorfer

German Address South African Address


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