This is an updated version of tables published in Wolkersdorfer (2002), Wolkersdorfer (2005) and Wolkersdorfer (2008). Explanations can be found in theses publications.

Distances and mean effective velocities of worldwide tracer tests in underground mines. Details concerning geological setting and hydraulic parameters are given in the literature cited. Mean of all 47 tracer tests: 0.001–1.75 m min-1 (80% confidence interval); median: 0.15 m min-1; average: 0.86 m min-1; ¹ result probably wrong.

Distance, km  veff, m min‑1  veff, m d‑1  reference  Location (Country)

0.015

0.0001

0.1

Wolkersdorfer et al. (2013)

Rabenstein/Sachsen (Germany)

0.17

0.0003

0.5

Wolkersdorfer et al. (2013)

Rabenstein/Sachsen (Germany)

0.2

0.001¹

1.4

Aljoe & Hawkins (1993)

Buckhannon/WV (USA)

0.1 0.001 1.5 Wolkersdorfer (unpubl.) Metsämonttu (Finland)
0.19 0.001 1.6 Wolkersdorfer (unpubl.) Metsämonttu (Finland)  
0.79 0.001 1.6 Wolkersdorfer (unpubl.) Metsämonttu (Finland)  
0.98 0.001 1.8 Wolkersdorfer (unpubl.) Metsämonttu (Finland)  

0.044

0.004

5.8

Aljoe & Hawkins (1993)

Buckhannon/WV (USA)

0.093

0.004

5.8

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2003)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.093

0.006

8.6

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2004)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.13

0.01

14.4

Aljoe & Hawkins (1994)

Buckhannon/WV (USA)

0.077

0.01

14.4

Canty & Everett (1998)

Red Oak/Oklahoma (USA)

0.78

0.01

14.4

Wolkersdorfer (1996)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

0.238

0.014

20.2

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2003)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.048

0.02

28.8

Wolkersdorfer et al. (2002)

Brixlegg/Tirol (Austria)

0.01

0.03

43.2

Wolkersdorfer et al. (2002)

Brixlegg/Tirol (Austria)

1.182

0.07

101

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2003)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.35

0.1

144

Mather et al. (1969)

Aberfan/South Wales (United Kingdom)

1.181

0.1

144

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2003)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

3.539

0.1

144

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2003)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.077

0.12

173

Canty & Everett (1998)

Red Oak/Oklahoma (USA)

0.077

0.14

202

Canty & Everett (1998)

Red Oak/Oklahoma (USA)

1.984 0.14 201 Wolkersdorfer & Mugova (unpubl). Grube Wolf/Herdorf (Germany)

0.283

0.15

216

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2004) 

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

1.773

0.15

216

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2004)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.171

0.17

245

Canty & Everett (1998)

Red Oak/Oklahoma (USA)

6.564

0.17

245

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2003)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

1.7

0.2

288

Parsons & Hunter (1972)

Ebbw Vale/Monmouthshire (United Kingdom)

0.229

0.23

331

Canty & Everett (1998)

Red Oak/Oklahoma (USA)

0.4 0.27 339 Czolbe et al. (1992) Peißen (Germany)

3.6

0.3

432

Aldous & Smart (1988)

Forest of Dean/Gloustershire (United Kingdom)

4.798

0.3

432

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2004)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.15

0.4

576

Mather et al. (1969)

Aberfan/South Wales (United Kingdom)

0.172

0.4

576

Wolkersdorfer et al. (1997)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

0.216

0.5

720

Wolkersdorfer et al. (1997)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

0.22

0.5

720

Wolkersdorfer et al. (1997)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

0.2

0.6

864

Mather et al. (1969)

Aberfan/South Wales (United Kingdom)

3.18

0.7

1008

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2004)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.5

1.3

1872

Aldous & Smart (1988)

Forest of Dean/Gloustershire (United Kingdom)

2.25

1.5

2160

Wolkersdorfer & Hasche (2004)

Straßberg/Harz (Germany)

0.776

1.6

2304

Wolkersdorfer et al. (1997)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

0.04 1.7 2448 Wolkersdorfer et al. (2007) Freiberg/Sachen (Germany)

0.736

1.8

2592

Wolkersdorfer et al. (1997)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

0.78

2

2880

Wolkersdorfer et al. (1997)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

2.159

5.7

8208

Wolkersdorfer et al. (1997)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

2.723

7.9

11376

Wolkersdorfer et al. (1997)

Niederschlema/Alberoda (Germany)

0.5

11.1

15984

Aldous & Smart (1988)

Forest of Dean/Gloustershire (United Kingdom)

References

  • Aldous, P. J. & Smart, P. L. (1988): Tracing Ground-Water Movement in Abandoned Coal Mined Aquifers Using Fluorescent Dyes. – Ground Water, 26(2):172–178, 8 fig., 2 tab.; doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1988.tb00380.x.
  • Aljoe, W. W. & Hawkins, J. W. (1993): Neutralization of Acidic Discharges from Abandoned Underground Coal Mines by Alkaline Injection. – Bur. Mines Rep. Invest., 9468:1–37, 40 fig., 3 tab.
  • Canty, G. A. & Everett, J. (1998): Using tracers to understand the hydrology of an abandoned underground coal mine. – 62–72 p., 5 fig., 2 tab.; Princeton (Proceedings 15th Annual National Meeting – American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation); doi:10.21000/JASMR98010062.
  • Czolbe, P., Kretzschmar, H.-J., Klafki, M. & Heidenreich, H. (1992): Strömungszellen im gefluteten Salzschacht [Flow cells in the flooded salt shaft]. – N. Bergbautech., 22(6):213–218, 10 Fig.
  • Mather, J. D., Gray, D. A. & Jenkins, D. G. (1969): The use of tracers to investigate the relationship between mining subsidence and groundwater occurrence at Aberfan, South Wales. – J. Hydrol., 9(2):136–154, 6 fig., 5 tab.; doi:10.1016/0022-1694(69)90073-0
  • Parsons, A. S. & Hunter, M. D. (1972): Investigation into the movement of groundwater from Bryn Pit above Ebbw Vale, Monmouthshire. – Water Pollut. Control, 71:568–572, 2 fig., 1 tab.
  • Wolkersdorfer, C. (1996): Hydrogeochemische Verhältnisse im Flutungswasser eines Uranbergwerks – Die Lagerstätte Niederschlema/Alberoda [Hydrogeochemical conditions in the mine water of a uranium mine – The Niederschlema/Alberoda deposit]. – Clausthaler Geowiss. Diss., 50:1–216, 131 fig., 61 tab.
  • Wolkersdorfer, C. (2002): Mine water tracing. – Spec. Publ. – Geol. Soc. London, 198:47-61, 5 Abb., 6 Tab.; doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.2002.198.01.03.
  • Wolkersdorfer, C. (2003): Tracertest Straßberg/Harz 2003. – Unpubl. Report for Gesellschaft zur Verwahrung und Verwertung von stillgelegten Bergwerksbetrieben mb, H. G. (Report Nr. 03010255). – 21 p., 3 fig., 6 tab., 8 att.; Freiberg/Sachsen (TU Bergakademie Freiberg – Lehrstuhl für Hydrogeologie). Accessed 21.09.2003.
  • Wolkersdorfer, C. (2005): Mine water tracer tests as a basis for remediation strategies. – Chem. Erde, 65(Supp 1):65-74, 3 Abb., 1 Tab.; doi:10.1016/j.chemer.2005.06.003.
  • Wolkersdorfer, C. (2008): Water Management at Abandoned Flooded Underground Mines – Fundamentals, Tracer Tests, Modelling, Water Treatment. – 465 p., 126 Abb., 34 Tab.; Heidelberg (Springer); doi:10.1007/978-3-540-77331-3.
  • Wolkersdorfer, C., Feldtner, N. & Trebušak, I. (1997): LydiA – A new Method for tracing Mine Water. – Proceedings, 6th International Mine Water Association Congress, Bled, Slovenia, 1:43–55, 3 fig., 2 tab.
  • Wolkersdorfer, C. & Hasche, A. (2004): Tracer Investigations in flooded mines – The Straßberg/Harz Multitracer Test. – In: Prokop, G., Younger, P. L. & Roehl, K. E. (eds): Conference Papers 35. – p. 45–56, 5 fig., 5 tab.; Wien (Umweltbundesamt).
  • Wolkersdorfer, C., Hasche, A., Unger, K. & Wackwitz, T. (2002): Tracer Techniken im Bergbau – Georgi-Unterbau bei Brixlegg/Tirol [Tracer techniques in mining – Georgi mine near Brixlegg/Tyrol]. – Wiss. Mitt. Inst. Geol., 19:37–43, 4 fig., 1 tab.
  • Wolkersdorfer, C., Komischke, H., Pester, S. & Hasche-Berger, A. (2013): Hydrodynamics in a flooded underground limestone mine. – In: Brown, A., Figueroa, L. & Wolkersdorfer, C. (eds): Reliable Mine Water Technology II. – p. 1165–1172, 5 fig., 1 tab.; Denver (International Mine Water Association).
  • Wolkersdorfer, C., Neumann, C. & Hasche-Berger, A. (2007): Hydrodynamics of the flooded Freiberg/Saxony Underground Mine: Water in Mining Environments. – 117–121 p., 3 Fig., 1 tab.; Cagliari (Mako Edizioni).

Contact

Prof. Dr Christian Wolkersdorfer

German Address South African Address

christian@wolkersdorfer.info
www.wolkersdorfer.info

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